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Among the war's major turning points for the United States were the Battle of Midway (1942), the invasion of Italy (1943), the Allied invasion of France (1944), the battle of Leyte Gulf (1944) and the dropping of the atomic bombs on Japan (1945).The war ended with the Axis powers' unconditional surrender in 1945.
Together with NAACP Executive Secretary Walter White and African American union leader A. Roosevelt to issue an executive order in 1941 prohibiting racial discrimination in defense industries and establishing the Fair Employment Practices Commission.
Always an advocate for women, ER championed their right to work in war-related industries and strongly encouraged women to do so.
The weak response of the European democracies to fascist aggression and American isolationism allowed the Axis powers to gain the upper hand initially.
Although the war began with Nazi Germany's attack on Poland in September 1939, the United States did not enter the war until after the Japanese bombed the American fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941.
She continued to champion civil rights and civil liberties arguing that America could not simultaneously fight racism abroad and tolerate it at home.
What Were The Causes Of World War 2 Essay
The painful sacrifices of war would be pointless if America did not achieve equality and justice for all its citizens.
Her major concerns, however, were with refugees, the advancement of civil rights and social programs, and the home front.
She worked tirelessly to get refugees, especially Jews, out of Europe, encouraging and aiding the work of relief organizations such as the Emergency Rescue Committee and the Children's Crusade for Children, and pushing FDR and other members of his government to do more.
Her efforts were often frustrated, but she did not give up and continued to pursue this work after the war when it was easier for refugees to leave Europe.
On the home front, she visited defense plants around the country and used her "My Day" column and speeches to encourage the war effort.