Preservice training is more academic in nature and is offered by formal institutions following definite curricula and syllabuses for a certain duration to offer a formal degree or diploma.
About 39 per cent of the extension personnel worldwide have a secondary-level and 33 per cent an intermediate-level education (Bahal et al., 1992).
Moreover, within each region, there is a lot of variation in basic academic qualifications of the frontline extension workers, SMS, and administrators. In Africa, most frontline extension workers still have only a secondary school diploma (Bahal et al., 1992).
In the experiential approach, the trainer incorporates experiences where in the learner becomes active and influences the training process.
Unlike the academic approach inherent in the traditional model, experiential training emphasizes real or simulated situations in which the trainees will eventually operate.
Preservice Training Preservice training is a process through which individuals are made ready to enter a certain kind of professional job such as agriculture, medicine, or engineering.
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They have to attend regular classes in a formal institution and need to complete a definite curriculum and courses successfully to receive a formal degree or diploma.
The ratio of SMS to field staff is also low in Asia, Africa, the Near East, and Latin American countries, varying from about to .
The ratio for countries of Europe and North America varies from 1:1.5 to 1:1.6.
In the performance-based approach to training, goals are measured through attainment of a given level of proficiency instead of passing grades of the trainees.
Emphasis is given to acquiring specific observable skills for a task.