Non-controlled waste includes waste generated from agriculture, mines and quarries and from dredging operations.In 1998–99 over 470 million tonnes of waste were generated in the UK (Fig. The mean production of daily household and commercial waste in EU Member States in 1993–96 was approximately 370 kg/capita/annum, ranging from 350 to 430 kg.
The health impacts of new waste management technologies and the increasing use of recycling and composting will require assessment and monitoring.
The generation of waste and the collection, processing, transport and disposal of waste—the process of ‘waste management’—is important for both the health of the public and aesthetic and environmental reasons.
For this analysis, EPA classified products made of paper and paperboard materials as either nondurable goods or as containers and packaging.
Nondurable goods include products such as office papers, newspapers, tissue paper, and paper plates and cups.
Containers and packaging include products such as corrugated boxes, milk cartons, and bags and sacks (See the definitions of nondurable goods and containers and packaging for more information).
This web page is a brief summary of paper and paperboard material-specific data.
Raised incidence of low birth weight births has been related to residence near landfill sites, as has the occurrence of various congenital malformations.
There is little evidence for an association with reproductive or developmental effects with proximity to incinerators.
The total generation of paper and paperboard in MSW was 67 million tons in 2017, which was 25 percent of total MSW generation that year.
Approximately 44.2 million tons of paper and paperboard were recycled in 2017 for a recycling rate of 65.9 percent, which was among the highest compared to other materials in MSW.