See section in this Portal page on modifiable risk factors.
Unlike dementia, the cognitive decline associated with MCI does not interfere with independence in everyday activities (see, e.g., Mc Khann et al., 2011).
Despite these common symptoms, making a diagnosis is difficult since Alzheimer's patientscan display the same symptoms as a head injury or depression.
There are also people with various factors that increase the risk of a person becoming affected by the disease. Since the disease is largely found in elderly people, the general age for onset is around age 65.
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This subjective cognitive decline is associated with an increased risk of progression to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia (Jessen et al., 2014).
MCI is described as an “intermediate stage of cognitive impairment that is often, but not always, a transitional phase from cognitive changes in normal ageing to those typically found in dementia” (Petersen et al., 2014, p. Early identification of MCI might enable the use of cognitive interventions to slow the progression of decline (Qualls, 2005).
Dementia and Alzheimer's During an average lifetime, one can expect to have at least occasional memory lapses from time to time.
Usually it's something as simple as forgetting what you just did a few minutes ago, forgetting if you turned the stove off, or if you left your keys on the table or in the bathroom counter.