Thesis On Greek Architecture

Thesis On Greek Architecture-6
Adyton: Used as a treasury, a place limited to priest or priestesses.Stereobate: The foundation of the temple, the upper part of which as a platform or foundation of the row of columns is called the Stylobate Peripteral Temple version (Naos surrounded from all sides by a row of columns) (example: Parthenon), or by a double row of columns (dipteral version) (example: Artemis Temple at Ephesus) Older Temples also had an internal row of columns (colonnade) According to the number of columns in the front side: It can be classified as Tetrastyle, Hexastyle, Octastyle, Dekastyle for 4, 6, 8 or 10 columns respectively.

They are the most important and most widespread building type in Greek architecture.

Greeks developed the temple from the small mud-brick structures into a monumental double porticos of the 6th century.

They were used as treasuries, and also sometimes as a record office for example registering the names of all public debtors (the expression of "registered upon the Acropolis" eggegrammenoi en Akropoli for example means a public debtor).

The design of Temples depends on symmetry, the rules of which Architects should be most careful to observe.

They relied on the regionally specific architectural order for the execution.

Temples were not only build for religious purposes.

The Temple of Artemis also known as Temple of Diana, was a temple dedicated to Artemis completed around 550 BC at Ephesus (in present-day Turkey) under the Achaeminid dynasty of the Persian Empire.

Nothing remains of the temple, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The third and the least used order was the Corinthian order. It was very elaborate and the pillars had bell shaped tops decorated with carved acanthus leaves.

The sanctuary, ( Altis) consists of an unordered arrangement of various buildings.

Enclosed within the temenos (sacred enclosure) are the Temple of Hera (or Heraion/Heraeum) and Temple of Zeus, the Pelopion and the area of the altar, where the sacrifices were made.


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