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The variation in cervical cancer rates by region mirrors access to primary and secondary cervical cancer prevention.
Each year more than 7,300 Tanzanian women are diagnosed with cervical cancer .
More than half of these women die as they are diagnosed at a late stage of the disease .
In the global south, cervical cancer remains the second most common cancer (after breast cancer) among women of reproductive age.
Worldwide, it is the third most common carcinoma after breast cancer and colorectal cancer [1, 3].
The purpose of this study was to provide better understanding of basic knowledge about cervical cancer among women of reproductive age in Tanzania. Data were analyzed from the 2011-2012 Tanzania HIV and Malaria Indicators Survey (THMIS) and a sample of 5542 sexually active women from 15 to 49 years of age were included in the analysis. Overall knowledge about cervical cancer was high among interviewed women.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Awareness about cervical cancer is a first step in the process of screening and early treatment.
It is well known that women with HIV are at unique risk for persistent HPV infection and cervical dysplasia.
As such, women with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa may have access to effective treatments for HIV but lack access to life-saving screening and treatment for precancer of the cervix [1, 5].
Effective screening and treatment for precancer of the cervix are a secondary prevention strategy that has been implemented globally to prevent cervical cancer.
Commonly used screening tests include cytology (Pap), HPV testing, and visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA).