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The quantitative approach has both advantages and disadvantages. Many social scientists purports that this model is an excellent way of finalizing results and proving or disproving a hypothesis. Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. the researcher is left with quantities of computer generated output or a “condensed picture of data.
Alternative interpretation of data must also be considered and results compared to previous studies to withdraw its wider mplications.
Later, a report is written about the findings in a specific format and description of the study presented to professional audiences.
When conducting political science research, the researcher has to follow a particular series of step.
The particular sequence is dependent on the type of social research, whether Quantitative or Qualitative.
This political science research model originated in the natural sciences and has its philosophical roots based on the tenets of positivism.
Positivism is a compilation of “epistemological perspectives and philosophies of science” put forward by Auguste Comte in the 19th century.In addition, this type of research uses data that are structured in the form of numbers or data that can be easily manipulated using computer software.In Quantitative research, the researcher commences with a general area or issue, such as Politics, Economics etc.According to Burns and Grove (1997), Quantitative research is a formal, objective, systematic process in which numerical data are utilised to obtain information about the world.It can also be defined as a research process involving the collection, analysis and interpretation of numerical data to identify statistical relation of variables.It carried out for the purpose of causal explanation, prediction and for generalisability.The research design of quantitative studies are based on the logic of experimentation and is usually concerned with control groups, pre-tests or other elements of experimental design.This arises due to the notion that through collecting, interpreting and analysing quantitative data, the researcher can remain detached and objective.Whereas, in qualitative research, this might not be possible as the researcher might get involved in the situation of the research.Using the example of waiting to vote, the quantitative approach would test the hypothesis, “Voters do not wait for more than one hour before voting.” Whereas, the quantitative approach will explore the feelings of the voters and generate the theory, “voters become violent after waiting more than one hour.