Because this kind of cloning does not result in the genesis of a human organism, it has no reproductive intent or goals, and it does not result in the creation and destruction of embryos, there is little to no contention regarding its use.
Embryonic stem cells are derived from human embryos at approximately five days post-fertilization, in the blastocyst stage of development.
Pluripotent stem cells can also be used to test drug toxicity which could also diminish the chances of drug-related birth defects (Boiani and Schöler, 2002, 124).
Therapeutic cloning is controversial because isolating the stem cells from the embryo destroys it.
Arguments against cloning appeal to concerns about a clone’s lack of genetic uniqueness and what may be implied because of this. There are concerns that cloned humans would lack individuality, that they would be treated in undignified ways by their creators, or that they would be damaged by society’s expectations that they should be more like those from whom they were cloned.
Because they would essentially be facsimiles of the original person, there is concern that the clones might possess less moral worth.One of the most predominate themes underlying arguments for reproductive cloning is an appeal to procreative liberty.Because cloning may provide the only way for some individuals to have a child that is genetically their own, a ban on cloning interferes with their reproductive autonomy.The predominate theme underlying arguments against human cloning is that the cloned child would undergo some sort of physical, social, mental, or emotional harm.Because of these and other concerns, the United Nations and many countries have banned human cloning.Many individuals regard the human embryo as a person with moral rights, and so they consider its destruction to be morally impermissible.Moreover, because the embryos are created with the explicit intention to destroy them, there are concerns that this treats the embryos in a purely instrumental manner (Annas , 1996).The main area of concentration is the moral dimensions of reproductive cloning, specifically the use of cloning in order to procreate.The article summarizes the different types of cloning, such as recombinant DNA/molecular cloning, therapeutic cloning, and reproductive cloning.In SCNT, an ovum is emptied of its own nucleus, its DNA, and the chromosomal DNA from another person (in the case, a patient’s) is inserted.The ovum is then artificially induced to begin dividing as if it had been naturally fertilized (usually via the use of an electrical current).