John Rawls used a social contract argument to show that justice, and especially distributive justice, is a form of fairness.
Property rights theorists (like Robert Nozick) also take a consequentialist view of distributive justice and argue that property rights-based justice maximizes the overall wealth of an economic system.
Socrates uses the parable of the ship to illustrate this point: the unjust city is like a ship in open ocean, crewed by a powerful but drunken captain (the common people), a group of untrustworthy advisors who try to manipulate the captain into giving them power over the ship's course (the politicians), and a navigator (the philosopher) who is the only one who knows how to get the ship to port.
For Socrates, the only way the ship will reach its destination – the good – is if the navigator takes charge.
Advocates of divine command theory argue that justice, and indeed the whole of morality, is the authoritative command of God.
Murder is wrong and must be punished, for instance, because God says it so.The possibilities for her life were endless, she could have lived to the old age of 95. They’ll be able to walk free at the end of their term, and perhaps few will remember them then and what they did. Because although the legal system is not always right, it needs that lofty ideal of justice as something to strive for, something to hope gets accomplished, the hope for every victim of a crime of any nature.The seeking of justice is a tiring and long quest akin to the seeking of truth, for they are closely linked and without one there may not be the other.I thought that if one of the things the law and legal system are about is maintaining and promoting justice and a sense of “fairness”, they might not be doing such a spiffy job. I actually believe in our legal system and I believe in justice.I believe in justice as an ideal that we strive for and that is what it means to me.Is life in jail, say 25 years, going to be enough punishment for the parents charged with brutally murdering their daughter Farah Khan?Her life was brief, but whoever killed her also mutilated her body parts.This applies both at the individual level and at the universal level.A person's soul has three parts – reason, spirit and desire.Theories of retributive justice are concerned with punishment for wrongdoing.Restorative justice (also sometimes called "reparative justice") is an approach to justice that focuses on the needs of victims and offenders.