They are able to analyze givens, constraints, relationships, and goals.
They make conjectures about the form and the meaning of the solution, and they plan a solution pathway rather than simply jumping into a solution attempt.
Indeed, as students move forward in their mathematical learning, they will need to apply problem-solving processes to more and more complex situations so they become college and career ready.
The first Common Core State Standard (CCSS) for mathematical practice focuses specifically on problem solving: Proficient students are able to explain the meaning of a problem and look for entry points to its solution.
There are many ways to help your students build these skills and understand how to use them in specific situations (see UDL Checkpoint 6.2: Support planning and strategy development).
One strategy is to use a process chart, which can guide students as they tackle a new problem.
In contrast, students who struggle with mathematics may find it difficult to successfully carry out parts (or, indeed, all) of this complex process.
To solve a word problem, students need to understand its context and develop a strategy to solve it.
From there, children can move to solving problems at they play our free problem solving games which help them feel confident that they can solve any problem that comes their way.
Your goal is to have the frog jump on all of the stones but don’t leave him stranded.