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On the rocks above the present city of Alton they found some rude and fantastic Indian paintings, which they describe. In the morning the chief and six hundred of his tribesmen escorted the Frenchmen to the river and bade them a friendly farewell. At Peoria Lake they struck open water, and paddled thence to the Mississippi and turned their prows southward.
The electronic edition is a part of the UNC-CH digitization project, Documenting the American South. The white man and the red man struck hands and entertained each other during three days.
Footnotes have been transcribed directly after the relevant paragraph. Then, to the Page 37 admiration of the savages, La Salle set up a cross with the arms of France on it, and took possession of the whole country for the king--the cool fashion of the time--while the priest piously consecrated the robbery with a hymn.
War Talk.--I Tilt over Backwards.--Fifteen Shot-holes.--A Plain Story.--Wars and Feuds.--Darnell versus Watson.--A Gang and a Woodpile.--Western Grammar.--River Changes.--New Madrid. They found them, by and by, and were hospitably received and well treated--if to be received by an Indian chief who has taken off his "HOSPITABLY RECEIVED." last rag in order to appear at his level best is to be received hospitably; and if to be treated abundantly to fish, porridge, and other game, including dog, and have these things forked into one's mouth by the ungloved fingers of Indians is to be well treated.
it, embarked again, paddled some way farther, and anchored in the stream, keeping a man on the watch till morning." They did this day after day and night after night; and at the end of two weeks they had not seen a human being. They had been warned that the river Indians were as ferocious and Page 34 pitiless as the river demon, and destroyed all comers without waiting for provocation; but no matter, Joliet and Marquette struck into the country to hunt up the proprietors of the tracks.
All the other parts are but members, important in themselves, yet more important in their relations to this. --Putting on Airs.--The Captains Weaken.--The Association Laughs.--The Secret Sign.--An Admirable System.--Rough on Outsiders.--A Tight Monopoly.--No Loophole.--The Railroads and the War . When De Soto took his fleeting glimpse of the river, away back in the dim early days, he took it from that same spot--the site THE TEMPLE WALL. Therefore, three out of the four memorable events connected with the discovery and exploration of the mighty river occurred, by accident, in one and the same place.
Exclusive of the Lake basin and of 300,000 square miles in Texas and New Mexico, which in many aspects form a part of it, this basin contains about 1,250,000 square miles. It is a most curious distinction, when one comes to look at it and think about it.Any hyphens occurring in line breaks have been removed, and the trailing part of a word has been joined to the preceding line. Cut-offs.--Ditching and Shooting.--Mississippi Changes.--A Wild Night.--Swearing and Guessing.--Stephen in Debt.--He Confuses his Creditors.--He makes a New Deal.--Will Pay them Alphabetically . The priest explained the mysteries of the faith "by signs," for the saving of the savages; thus compensating them with CONSECRATING THE ROBBERY.All quotation marks and ampersands have been transcribed as entity references. possible possessions in Heaven for the certain ones on earth which they had just been robbed of. --We Inspect the Town.--Desolation Way-traffic.--A Wood-yard. The Virgin composed the difficulty in Marquee's case; the pipe of peace did the same office for La Salle. I try the Alias Business.--Region of Goatees.--Boots begin to Appear.-- The River Man is Missing.--The Young Man is Discouraged.-- Specimen Water.--A Fine Quality of Smoke.--A Supreme Mistake. First, they were greeted by the natives of this locality as Marquette had before been greeted by them--with the booming of the war drum and the flourish of arms. The Devil's Oven and Table.--A Bombshell falls.--No Whitewash.-- Thirty Years on the River.--Mississippi Uniforms.--Accidents and Casualties.--Two hundred Wrecks.--A Loss to Literature.-- Sunday-Schools and Brick Masons . They had proved to their satisfaction, that the Mississippi did not empty into the Gulf of California, or into the Atlantic. They turned back, now, and carried their great news to Canada. In the dead of winter he and Henri de Tonty, son of Lorenzo Tonty, who invented the tontine, his lieutenant, started down the Illinois, with a following of eighteen Indians brought from New England, and twenty-three Frenchmen. A short distance below "a torrent of yellow mud rushed furiously athwart the calm blue current of the Page 35 Mississippi, boiling and surging and sweeping in its course logs, branches, and uprooted trees." This was the mouth of the Missouri, "that savage river," which "descending from its mad career through a vast unknown of barbarism, poured its turbid floods into the bosom of its gentle sister." By and by they passed the mouth of the Ohio; they passed canebrakes; they fought mosquitoes; they floated along, day after day, through the deep silence and loneliness of the river, drowsing in the scant shade of makeshift awnings, and broiling with the heat; they encountered and exchanged civilities with another party of Indians; and at last they reached the mouth of the Arkansas (about a month out from their starting-point), where a tribe of war-whooping savages swarmed out to meet and murder them; but they appealed to the Virgin for help; so in place of a fight there was a feast, and plenty of pleasant palaver and fol-de-rol. He was provokingly delayed, by one misfortune after another, but at last got his expedition under way at the end of the year 1681.Conceptions formed from the river-basins of Western Europe are rudely shocked when we consider the extent of the valley of the Mississippi; nor are those formed from the sterile basins of the great rivers of Siberia, the lofty plateaus of Central Asia, or the mighty sweep of the swampy Amazon more adequate. --Some Curious Performances--not Early English.--Natchez, or the Site of it, is Approached . There was a temple in the town, with a mud wall about it ornamented with skulls of enemies sacrificed to the sun.Latitude, elevation, and rainfall all combine to render every part of the Mississippi Valley capable of supporting a dense population. The voyagers visited the Natchez Indians, near the site of the present city of that name, where they found a "religious and political despotism, a privileged class descended from the sun, a temple and a sacred fire." It must have been like getting home again; it was home with an advantage, in fact, for it lacked Louis XIV. Apparently nobody happened to want such a river, nobody needed it, nobody was curious about it; so, for a century and a half the Mississippi remained out of the market and undisturbed. The mere mysteriousness of the matter ought to have fired curiosity and compelled exploration; but this did not occur.