“Failure should not be an option: Grading the parole systems of all 50 states” February 26, 2019: Jorge Renaud, Prison Policy Initiative (spoiler alert: NYS gets a D-) RAPP Testimony to NYS Legislature’s 2019 Public Protection Budget Hearing January 29, 2019: Jose Saldana and David George, “New York State Parole Board: Failures in Staffing and Performance” August, 2018: The Parole Preparation Project and the Release Aging People in Prison Campaign “State Medical and Geriatric Parole Laws” August, 2018: National Conference of State Legislatures “Ending Perpetual Punishment: The case for commutations for people in Michigan prisons” August, 2018: American Friends Service Committee “Modernizing Parole Statutes: Guidance from Evidence-Based Practices” August 3, 2018: Catherine C. Kerrison, Ronet Bachman, Raymond Paternoster, The Liman Report: Moving Criminal Justice Fall 2016: Arthur Liman Public Interest Program, Yale University A By-Product of Mass Incarceration: New York’s Parole System in Need of Repair July, 2016: Release Aging People in Prison/RAPP RAPP Submission to the UN Committee on Torture June 27, 2016: Tomiko Shine, DC RAPP Economic Perspectives on Incarceration and the Criminal Justice System April 2016: Executive Office of the President of the United States U. Sentencing Commission Public Hearing on Compassionate Release and Conditions of Supervision (for Federal Bureau of Prisons) 48-minute video, February 17, 2016 Proposed amendments to Sentencing Guidelines (including sections on compassionate release/conditions of supervision) February 15, 2016; public comment period ends 3/21/2016 “Supporting America’s Aging Prisoner Population: Opportunities and Challenges for Area Agencies on Aging” 2016: National Association of Area Agencies on Aging “Aging in Prison: Reducing Elder Incarceration and Promoting Public Safety” November, 2015: a policy publication by RAPP, Center for Justice at Columbia University, and others; includes chapters by former heads of department of corrections and parole board • Campaign to Change Parole in New York: “Nature of the Crime” May 18, 2015: Parole Justice Now!
Reynolds, “The High Costs of Low Risk: The Crisis of America’s Aging Prison Population” (new edition) April, 2018: Elizabeth Gaynes, Tanya Krupat, David George, and Colin Bernatsky, for The Osborne Association “A Question of Compassion: Medical Parole in New York State” April, 2018: Rebecca Silber, Léon Digard, Tina Maschi, Brie Williams, and Jessi La Chance for “Reentry Experiences of Elderly Ex-Offenders: Wasted Lives” May, 2017: Charmaine Clarke, Stony Brook University (thesis) “Still Life: America’s Increasing Use of Life and Long-Term Sentences” May, 2017: Ashley Nellis, prepared for the Florida Legislature “New York State’s Aging Prison Population” April, 2017: Office of the New York State Comptroller Thomas di Napoli “Mass incarceration, public health, and widening inequality in the USA” April, 2017: Christopher Wildeman & Emily Wang, in “America: Equity and Equality in Health 4,” “Aging in Prison: A human rights problem we must fix” January, 2017: Prison Watch Project, American Friends Service Committee “Crime Survivors Speak: The First-Ever National Survey of Victims’ Views on Safety and Justice” December, 2016: “Aiming to Reduce Time-In-Cell” November, 2016: Association of State Correctional Administrators, the Arthur Liman Public Interest Program, Yale University The Effects of Age at Prison Release on Women’s Desistance Trajectories: a Mixed-Methods Analysis September 2016: Erin M.
Here are just a few prison reform statistics showing positive results when prison facilities provide programming or allow non-profit organizations to provide such programming: Educational and vocational classes have been studied extensively and found to be some of the most effective programs in prison reform.
Research shows that these types of programs reduce recidivism by 13 percent, reduce incident reports for prisoner misconduct by 4 percent, and increase post-release employment by 13 percent.
Second, by revising correctional policies to ensure that minimal barriers exist to maintaining positive community relationships during the period of incarceration.
By providing individuals with opportunities to gain productive skills and equipping them to strengthen their positive relationships, we can help them achieve their full potential and transform their lives upon returning to our communities.It is estimated that there are more than 2.7 million children who have parents in state and federal prisons.Many of these parents were the sole caretaker for these children before they were incarcerated.Patterson, Ph D, “At America’s Expense: The Mass Incarceration of the Elderly” June 13, 2012: American Civil Liberties Union/ACLU “Old Behind Bars: The Aging Prison Population in the United States” January 27, 2012: Human Rights Watch “The Answer is No: Too Little Compassionate Release in US Federal Prisons” 2012: Human Rights Watch “It’s About Time: Aging Prisoners, Increasing Costs, and Geriatric Release” April, 2010: The Vera Institute for Justice “Growing Older: Challenges of Prison and Reentry for the Aging Population” January 2007: Brie A.American prisons house more than 1.5 million individuals, an increase of more than 390 percent since 1978.Some examples of local non-profits providing programming in state and federal prisons include The Last Mile, Miles of Freedom, and Hudson Link.Evidence-based prison programming has been shown to reduce recidivism, save taxpayer expenditures, increase future employment for individuals who are incarcerated, and decrease rule violations in prison facilities.“Analysis of United States Compassionate and Geriatric Release Laws: Towards a Rights-Based Response for Diverse Elders and Their Families and Communities” May 9, 2015: Be The Evidence and Cure International “The Impact of an Aging Inmate Population on the Federal Bureau of Prisons” May 2015 (revised, February 2016): Still Blocking the Exit: A report on parole-eligible lifers in the Maryland prison system who are denied release.January 20, 2015: Maryland Restorative Justice Initiative and ACLU of Maryland “Release Aging People in Prison/RAPP: Challenging the Punishment Paradigm” December 10, 2014: Mujahid Farid and Laura Whitehorn: special issue Release Aging People in Prison/RAPP Interviews: A Preliminary Report Fall 2014: Ariane Davisson for RAPP “As Outside, So Inside: America’s Aging Prison Population,” October 20, 2014: Robert Winters, JD, “State Prison Health Care Spending: An examination” July, 2014: the Pew Charitable Trust and the Arthur D. Mac Arthur Foundation Race, Slavery & Incarceration (“Demonizing People of Color and the Poor in the United States By Way of the Thirteenth Amendment Hoax”), by Mujahid Farid New York Parole Board Ignores Community Statement by RAPP, June 23, 2014 Statement by RAPP After Review of Info Submitted During Parole Regulations Comments Period February 6, 2014: Mujahid Farid, Statement of Release Aging People in Prison (RAPP) “Managing the Elderly in Corrections” 2014: Frank J.Prison reform is focused on ensuring public safety and restoration for those impacted by crime through the creation of a constructive culture within our prison system.These reforms seek to alter the circumstances of incarceration in ways that allow the system to model and incentivize the attitudes, behaviors, and lifestyles conducive to personal responsibility and self-control.