Some simple preventative measures can ensure that the spread of the virus is limited if not completely halted.Introduction The fact that India has the world’s second-largest population is part of the reason that India has the world’s third largest HIV epidemic.Awareness programs have spread information about HIV and how to prevent it for years now and their efforts have borne fruit. The percentage of people with HIV has reduced considerably.
Some simple preventative measures can ensure that the spread of the virus is limited if not completely halted.Introduction The fact that India has the world’s second-largest population is part of the reason that India has the world’s third largest HIV epidemic.
That discrimination makes it difficult, if not outright impossible, for them to access healthcare.
Add to this the fact that activities associated with sex work such as running a brothel are illegal, gay and bisexual men face social stigma if they come out, drug addicts are generally reviled and transgender people are looked down upon and you have the perfect combination of circumstances that breed an epidemic.
At Risk Demographics The most at-risk sections of the population are sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs and transgender people.
These are some of the most vulnerable groups in society since most of them are subject to discrimination and stigma.
This number is as per data collected by UNAIDS for the year 2016.
AIDS-related causes killed 62,000 people in the same year.It is imperative, therefore, that people be made aware of what AIDS is, how it spreads and what can be done to prevent infection.Governments and non-profit organizations have instituted various programs not only to do health check-ups but also to dispel the prejudice that attaches itself to this disease and those who suffer from it.It has no known cure although there are medicines to slow down or completely inhibit the virus spread.Since one of the main methods of transfer of the virus is through unprotected sex, AIDS also carries with it a stigma that ensures that society didn’t discuss it openly for a long time.In terms of percentage, this statistic is around 0.3 percent, which might not seem too large.However, when this statistic is converted to actual numbers it becomes 2.1 million people who are HIV positive.Thanks to various myths and misconceptions about the syndrome, the virus spread like wildfire and infected millions of people before it could be contained.The fact that it attacks white blood cells thereby weakening immunity is what makes it so deadly, since it undermines the human body’s defence and leaves people who are HIV positive at massive risk.Thanks to concerted efforts by governments across the world, advancements in medicine and awareness campaigns, the number of HIV positive people has reduced.However, no cure for the disease has been found yet.