In its standard form, the narrative arc has five main phases: In literary theory, this is called Freytag's pyramid, named after Gustav Freytag, who is the person who first described this format.
Most compelling stories start with the first phase and end with the fifth phase, passing through the other phases on the way.
Even if you have a great idea in your head, execution is everything when it comes to storytelling (as most of us have probably found out the hard way in real life).
If you don't tell your story well, then no one is going to bother to listen, even if the main idea is interesting.
If the story were fictional, then this would no longer be a narrative essay but rather a short story.
Related how-to guide—How to write a persuasive essay.
One should carefully understand and study the core differences between narrative and other kinds of essays in order to get a firm understanding of the purpose.
Important note: A narrative essay is not quite the same thing as a short story.
People have been telling and writing stories for a long time, and there are some key elements that have been built up around the concept of narrative.
One of the main elements that is worth discussing here is the narrative arc.