Just as authors have moral obligations before, during, and even after writing a research paper, reviewers are encouraged to adhere to ethical guidelines throughout the peer review process, as outlined by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
The COPE framework may initially seem overwhelming, but it mainly consists of three categories of responsibilities: confidentiality, objectivity, and diligence.
For the most part, the paper will be written like any other essay or research paper, but there are some key differences.
An ethics paper will generally require you to argue for a specific position rather than simply present an overview of an issue.
She has worked as a Social Studies Teacher, Curriculum Coordinator, and an SAT Prep Teacher.
She received her MA in Education from the Stanford Graduate School of Education in 2014.
Confidentiality is critical to prevent the theft of ideas, which could compromise the originality of a new study.
To this end, peer reviewers should adhere to the following guidelines: Regarding the last guideline, some have noted that recommended additions should be directly pertinent, as well as feasible in terms of both cost and time required.
Here are some of the problems encountered by researchers and how to overcome them. Owning a mutual fund that contains shares of the company? Disclosure policies have become so complicated that it’s best to go over a checklist of a publication’s guidelines during the writing process, and refer to it periodically to make sure you are covering all bases. But what about applying a two-sigma statistical screen to exclude outlying data points?
Defining ethical behavior is surprisingly difficult. Some things are obvious: don’t fake research, don’t take credit for another’s work, disclose conflicts of interest. For example, when publishing a research paper, what exactly constitutes a financial conflict of interest that must be reported? It’s not fun to have a paper published and suddenly realize, Wait, I didn’t disclose XYZ! Not a problem if you disclose the practice, and if the screen doesn’t change your conclusions.