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Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the used of square brackets ([ and ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 ).
Some styles prefer the word and, others prefer the ampersand (& symbol).
Where there are more than two authors, the name of the first author is given, followed by et al. If you have two or more references for the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (Mc Lanahan & Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999).
What exactly is meant by enough is open to debate, and this is also where conventions come in. There are two forms to do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system.
Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style.
The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in Hamilton, 2002).
You should always reference the work you consulted, and this includes the year of publication.Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful.Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date.A statement that the sky is blue alone does not require a reference.However, if you state that the sky is blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference.Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002).Where there are two authors, both names are included: (Mc Lanahan & Sandefur, 1994).In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system.The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail.Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year.The convention to circumvent this issue is to give both years: the year of the original publication, together with the one of the work you consulted.