For most of the nineteenth and early twentieth century, Locke's theory of property as found in the His attempt to ground the right to property in natural law was seen to be an important device for asserting the rights of individuals against the state and for limiting the moral authority of the state in a crucial area of human endeavor.
The theory of property was understood to be central to the structure of Locke's argument in the in that it serves as an explanation for the existence of government and a criterion for evaluating the performance of government.
John Locke was an English physician as well as a philosopher who lived during the 1600s.
He was particularly influential during the Enlightenment, for his ideas on liberalism and especially the social contract theory.
It was a definition of personality—that which constituted the individual, and it included one's body, actions, thoughts, and beliefs. Labor, for Locke, includes picking up acorns from the ground, gathering apples from wild trees, tracking deer in the forest, and catching fish in the ocean; labor ranges from simple acts of appropriation to production involving planning and effort.
It is a creative and purposeful act that extends the limits of personality to physical objects previously in the common stock.
In this collection, Locke touches on subjects ranging from Christianity to liberalism.
especially, it is generally recognized, Locke argues the case for individual natural rights, limited government depending on the consent of the governed, separation of powers within government, and most radically, the right of people within a society to depose rulers who fail to uphold their end of the social contract.
While this scholarly dissension may not distinguish Locke's writings from those of any other important thinker, it does create (or rather reflect) interesting problems of interpretation for anyone who would understand the roots of political liberalism.
This is especially true in one of the most debated and controversial areas of Locke's political philosophy, his theory of property.