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However, Child labor is still a problem in other undeveloped countries now.We have child labor laws because, “from the mid 1800s to the early part of this century, many young children were employed in what we now call “sweatshop conditions” (Russell Freedman 93) .It investigates the motivations of parents to send their children to work and analysesthe so-called commitment problem of child labour in a dynamic, overlapping generations gametheoretical model.
In a second chapter within this part, a schooling reform,the introduction of comprehensive schools in the UK and its impact on educational and labourmarket outcomes is evaluated.
We find, using data from the National Child Development Surveyand applying a new, quasi-differenced matching estimator, that bias corrected estimates of thereform suggest no effect on the means, but a sizeable effect on the variance of outcomes.
The second part of the thesis analyses the economics of child education within a developedcountry context: the transmission of education across generations and the impact of a schoolingreform on educational choice and later outcomes.
In a first chapter of this second part, weexamine specifically the influence of grandparents, as postulated by the model in part one, onthe education of grandchildren.
We showthat first-best contracts may me implemented, implying optimal child education and low childlabour, if a bequest sanction can be imposed by grandparents.
We also discuss the special rolethat grandparents have within this model.The modules are held either in Sion or in Geneva; they start on Monday and run until Friday evening.11 – 15 February 2019Module 1: Children's rights and childhood studies Valais Campus (Sion) 20 -Module 2: International children’s rights law University of Geneva9 – 13 September 2019Module 3: Child protection strategies and policies Valais Campus (Sion)25-29 November 2019Module 4: Children’s rights and criminal justice Valais Campus (Sion) 9 -13 March 2020Module 5: Child labour and education Valais Campus (Sion)15 – 19 June 2020Module 6: Children’s rights and migration University of Geneva23 – 27 November 2020Module 7: Children’s rights policy implementation and monitoring Valais Campus (Sion) In order to facilitate consultation of up to date scientific and professional literature, students have on-line access to a comprehensive set of reading material with relevant articles and book chapters pertaining to the themes discussed during the modules.The Programme of the Master of Advanced Studies in Children’s Rights (MCR) counts for 60 ECTS credits (European Credit Transfer System) and takes place over a two-year period.The plan of studies includes seven week-long residential teaching modules, distance learning sequences, group work and individual tasks, as well as reading, writing and practical learning exercises. This thesis focuses on the economics of child labour and child education within developingand developed countries.The first part of the thesis examines child labour and child education in developing countries.The results indicate that it isnot education but rather unobservable factors on the parent and grandparent level that affectthe educational choice of grandchildren.These unobservable factors may be interpreted asinnate ability or parenting skills.It aims to deepen understanding of and promote critical thinking concerning the normative content, implementation practices and advocacy discourses related to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child as well as other international legal and policy documents.In addition, the Master of Advanced Studies in Children’s Rights intends to develop specific knowledge and skills; at the end of the training programme students: At the end of the programme, participants who have met all of the requirements for completion of the academic programme receive a degree conferred by the University of Geneva.