See this example from Around the world, there are hundreds of dams of different sizes.
Dams are used for irrigation, flood defenses, water supply, and hydroelectric power.
The counterargument can go anywhere that you want, except the conclusion.
This is because no new information is supposed to be added to a conclusion, it is only expected to tie in the points that have previously been introduced.
Despite these positive elements, however, there are also many bad elements related to dams.
Dams have a negative global impact because they eat up valuable land resources, ruin wildlife habitats, effects endangered species, and create damaging greenhouse gases.However, many people believe that there are many positive aspects of dams.For example, they are used for irrigation, flood defenses, water supply, and hydroelectric power.A good method for formulating your refutation is to put yourself in the place of your readers, imagining what their objections might be.In the exploration of the issues connected with your subject, you may have encountered possible opposing viewpoints in discussions with classmates or friends.In the refutation, you refute those arguments by proving the opposing basic proposition untrue or showing the reasons to be invalid...In general, there is a question about whether the refutation should come before or after the proof. Then must be conjointly built up the great bulwarks of your cause, by fortifying your own position, and weakening that of your opponent; for there is only one effectual method of vindicating your own cause, and that includes both the confirmation and refutation.And to all of them, I have only one response: we cannot afford to wait.We cannot afford to let the homes and schools and businesses throughout America wait. We have seen what high capacity broadband can do for education and for our economy.In this case, the refutation becomes a large part of the proof . If indeed very strong objections have obtained much currency, or have been just stated by an opponent, so that what is asserted is likely to be regarded as paradoxical, it may be advisable to begin with a Refutation." -Richard Whately, "There will be those who say ' Go slow.Don't upset the status quo.' No doubt we will hear this from competitors who perceive that they have an advantage today and want regulation to protect their advantage.