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Any deviation from this order would result in cosmic destruction.Because the universe is so highly ordered, chance, as man understands it, does not exist.
When the Essay on Man was published, Voltaire sent a copy to the Norman abbot Du Resnol and may possibly have helped the abbot prepare the first French translation, which was so well received.
The very title of his Discours en vers sur l'homme (1738) indicates the extent Voltaire was influenced by Pope.
Although the question is unsettled and probably will remain so, it is generally believed that Pope was indoctrinated by having read the letters that were prepared for him by Bolingbroke and that provided an exegesis of Shaftesbury's philosophy.
The main tenet of this system of natural theology was that one God, all-wise and all-merciful, governed the world providentially for the best.
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Contradictions In An Essay On Man
Are you sure you want to remove #book Confirmation# and any corresponding bookmarks?Following are the major ideas in Essay on Man: (1) a God of infinite wisdom exists; (2) He created a world that is the best of all possible ones; (3) the plenum, or all-embracing whole of the universe, is real and hierarchical; (4) authentic good is that of the whole, not of isolated parts; (5) self-love and social love both motivate humans' conduct; (6) virtue is attainable; (7) "One truth is clear, WHATEVER IS, IS RIGHT." Partial evil, according to Pope, contributes to the universal good."God sends not ill, if rightly understood." According to this principle, vices, themselves to be deplored, may lead to virtues.Pope denied that he was indebted to Leibnitz for the ideas that inform his poem, and his word may be accepted.Those ideas were first set forth in England by Anthony Ashley Cowper, Earl of Shaftesbury (1671-1731).The subtitle of the first epistle is “Of the Nature and State of Man, with Respect to the Universe,” and this section deals with man’s place in the cosmos.Pope argues that to justify God’s ways to man must necessarily be to justify His ways in relation to all other things.It has been pointed out that at times, he does little more than echo the same thoughts expressed by the English poet.Even as late as 1756, the year in which he published his poem on the destruction of Lisbon, he lauded the author of Essay on Man.This order is, more specifically, a hierarchy of the “Vast chain of being” in which all of God’s creations have a place (237).Man’s place in the chain is below the angels but above birds and beasts.