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It was feared that this "domino" action would eventually lead to Australia's shores and then the policy of forward defence would mean the war would be in Darwin instead of Vietnam and Australia would be in imminent danger.The involvement of Australian forces in Vietnam was a continuing development of increasing commitment that took place over a period of several years against a background of Cold War concerns with regional security and fear of Communist expansion.
Unless this aggressive action by China was stopped in Vietnam, the theory ran, that after Vietnam had fallen, the surrounding countries would follow, just like a row of Dominoes.
These countries, which tended to be neutral in their outlook, favouring neither east nor west, might become involved in another war like Vietnam, or they might defect to the Communist line.
For many Australians who had lived through World War 2, there was greater fear because they could see the parallels between the imminent threats of invasion through communism with the threat that the Japanese had produced 20 years earlier.
The same sort of pattern could be seen with the domino effect, how they were slowly jumping from country to country gaining more power and Australia would be at threat if action weren't taken.
The anti- Communist policy of the government under Menzies became electorally self-rewarding and they sought to use it wherever possible.
Australian Involvement In Vietnam War Essay
This does not deny that they were not totally convinced for the best of reasons but that they also managed to convince the electorate that Communism must be opposed wherever possible.
It was an intense 12-year jungle war fought by the British, British Commonwealth and Malay forces against the guerrillas of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) led by Communist fanatic Chin Peng.
Australia contributed troops in 1950, to help the British in preventing Malaya becoming a communist state of China.
In the years preceding the Vietnam War, there were many close calls with insurgent communism dating right back to World War 2.
All of these plus others contributed to the Australian belief that we join the Vietnam War.