Also known as the "theory of omission," Hemingway's Iceberg Theory contends that the words on the page should be merely a small part of the whole story.
The words on the page are the proverbial "tip of the iceberg," and a writer should use as few words as possible in order to indicate the larger, unwritten story that resides below the surface.
You might ask yourself whether the woman will go through with the abortion and whether they'll stay together and whether either of them knows the answers to these questions yet.
Mikhail Shimonov Professor Kaufman March 28, 2011 Critical Analysis of Hills like White Elephants At first glance, Hills like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway, may allude to many interpretations, however, the short story has a clear purpose.
The man is attempting to convince the woman to get an abortion, but the woman is ambivalent about it.
The story takes its tension from their terse, barbed dialogue.
Jig's inability to make decisions throughout the course of the story changes in the end when she decides what is best for her.
This personality change makes her character dynamic.
He also frequently says she doesn't have to do it if she doesn't want to, which indicates that he's describing an elective procedure.
Finally, he claims that it's "just to let the air in," which implies abortion rather than any other optional procedure. " she's posing a question that suggests the man has some say in the matter -- that he has something at stake -- which is another indication that she's pregnant.