A committed pacifist, his Essays in Humanism and Ideas and Opinions reflect his determination to limit the development of nuclear arms.
Later he chaired the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists, which encouraged peaceful use of atomic energy.
In 1896 he was admitted to the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich.
His subsequent job at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern left him time to continue scientific investigations of his own, which resulted in a series of papers, one of which was accepted as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Zurich in 1905.
In 1895 his family moved to Milan, Italy, leaving him behind to finish school.
Instead, Einstein stopped attending school and independently engaged in studying mathematics and other scientific disciplines.Einstein is generally acknowledged as the preeminent scientist of the twentieth century who challenged and disproved fundamental ideas concerning the physical universe.Specifically, Einstein's theory of relativity reconfigured notions of time, space, and matter that had been formulated by Isaac Newton in the seventeenth century. Unpublished Preface to a Blackbook (1945) Chapter 34. Before the Monument to the Martyred Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto (1948) Chapter 38. To the Heroes of the Battle of the Warsaw Ghetto (1944) Chapter 37. Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1921, in addition to many other awards.His pacifism and Zionism led to friction with the increasingly powerful National Socialists; he left Germany in 1933, settling in Princeton, New Jersey, where he taught at the Institute for Advanced Study until his retirement in 1945. The American Council for Judaism (1945) Chapter 43.Albert Einstein 1879-1955 German-born American physicist and philosopher.As a child, Einstein spoke so infrequently that his parents feared he had a learning disability.But despite difficulties with speech, he was consistently a top student and showed an early aptitude for mathematics and physics, which he later studied at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich after renouncing his German citizenship to avoid military service in 1896.